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   Groundnut is the major edible oilseed crop of India. It accounts for 45% of the area and 55% of the production of total oilseeds in the country. It also accounts for 43% of total oil production in the country. Within the country, Andhra Pradesh ranks second in both area and production. The crop is grown in rainy (85% area), post-rainy (10% area) and summer (5% area) seasons. The rainy season groundnut is generally rainfed, while post-rainy and summer groundnuts are irrigated. Productivity of the crop is however low, primarily because of its cultivation in marginal and sub-marginal soils under rainfed conditions subjected to frequent droughts, poor agronomic practices and low levels of input, use of traditional low yielding cultures and onslaught/incidence of insect pests and diseases.

Use of quality seed of improved varieties, seed treatment with Rhizobium and seed dressing chemicals, maintenance of optimum plant stand, proper placement of seed and fertilizers by the use of ferti-cum-seed drill, need based plant protection, timely weeding, application of gypsum at flowering, timely harvest and separation of pods and proper storage to prevent storage losses will aid in improving groundnut productivity.


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