What is kapas?|
What is lint ? |
What is FP bales ? |
What is meant by ginning ? |
What is pressing ? |
What is meant by out-turn ? |
What is meant by APMC ? |
What is cowdy ? |
What is candy ? |
Which are the cotton growing States in India
Which State grows the more cotton ?
Which State has the largest area under cotton ?
What is the average productivity of cotton in the
country vis-à-vis world average
What are the reasons for low productivity in India
Which State has higher productivity ?
When the cotton is planted in India ?
When Indian cotton harvested ?|
What type of cotton is grown in India ?
How many varieties are grown in India ?
What is Bt cotton?|
Who is releasing Bt varieties for cultivation ?
Who is estimating cotton production in the country
What is meant by MSP ? |
Who fixes the MSP ?|
How much cotton do Indian textile mills use
How much cotton is exported from India
How much cotton is imported into the country
Where CCI makes purchases of kapas ?
How CCI procures cotton ? |
What is Contract Farming ? |
What is the benefit of Contract Farming ?
What is FLD ? |
What is TMC ? |
What is Mini Mission ? |
What is TUF Scheme ? |
What is ICAC ? |
What is international price mechanism ?
What is Cotlook A Index ? |
|What is kapas?|
Kapas is raw cotton or
|What is lint?|
Cotton fibre separated
from seed cotton is called lint.
|What is FP bales?|
FP bales are full
pressed bales with standard weight of 170
|What is meant by
process, which separates cotton fibres from
|What is pressing?|
Lint cotton separated
from cottonseed is pressed in the form of full
pressed bales with standard weight of 170
|What is meant by
percentage of lint obtained out of one quintal of
kapas (seed cotton), after processing.
|What is meant by APMC?|
APMC means Agricultural
Produce Market Committees constituted under APMC
Act of various State Governments.
|What is cowdy?|
immature/damaged/infected bolls of kapas, which is
separated at the time of cleaning of seed cotton
either through kapas cleaner or by way of hand
|What is candy?|
One candy is 3.56
quintals of lint cotton. It is unit for sale
of cotton in India in most of the States.
|Which are the cotton
growing States in India?
In India, cotton is
grown in 9 major cotton growing States viz.
Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan in Northern zone,
Gujarat, Maharashtra and MP in Central zone and
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu in
Southern zone. Besides, cotton is also grown in
|Which State grows the
is the leading cotton growing State followed by
|Which State has the
largest area under cotton?|
Maharashtra has the
largest area under cotton cultivation followed by
|What is the average
productivity of cotton in the country vis-à-vis
average productivity of cotton in the country is
526 kgs per hectare vis-à-vis world average of 764
kgs per hectare during 2008-09.
|What are the reasons for
low productivity in India?|
In India nearly 60 per
cent area under cotton cultivation is
|Which State has higher
productivity has been highest in Karnataka at 670
kgs, in Gujarat at 633 kgs per hectare in
|When the cotton is
planted in India
irrigated areas of Northern zone cotton plantings
is from mid-April till last week of May. In
Central zone and Southern zones planting is taken
up in June-July depending on onset of monsoon and
continue till August. In Tamil Nadu (Southern
zone) planting for summer crop is taken up in
Jan/Feb and for winter in June-July.
|When Indian cotton
Harvesting period is
mainly from October to February. However,
zone-wise harvesting period is as per details
Northern zone :
Central zone : October to
Southern zone : October to
Summer crop in Tamil Nadu &
Karnataka : May to July
|What type of cotton is
grown in India?
India has the
advantage of growing all species of cotton i.e.
from short staple 20mm & below, medium staple
(20.5 to 24.5mm), medium long (25.0 to 27.0mm),
long (27.5 to 32.0mm) and extra long staple
cottons (32.5mm and above).
|How many varieties are
grown in India?|
India produce large number of
varieties and hybrids, number of varieties in
cultivation exceeds seventy-five. However, 98 per
cent of the production is contributed by about 25
|What is Bt cotton?
Bt cotton is one such
insect resistant cotton with gene derived from a
soil bacterium known Bacillus thuringiensis
through genetic engineering. Bt confers high level
of tolerance to the American bollworm Heliothis
|Who is releasing Bt
varieties for cultivation?|
Approval Committee (GEAC) under the Ministry of
Environment & Forest, Government of India is
releasing the Bt varieties for commercial
|Who is estimating
cotton production in the country?
Cotton Advisory Board,
the apex body under the Chairmanship of Textile
Commissioner is estimating cotton production every
year in the country.
|What is meant by MSP?|
MSP means Minimum
fixes the MSP?
Government of India on
recommendation from Commission on Agricultural
Costs Prices is fixing the MSP every year. Till
2007-08, the MSPs had been fixed for basic two
varieties i.e. F414/H-777/J-34 and H-4/H-10. From
cotton season 2008-09, Government of India has
been fixing MSPs based on two basic staple groups
viz., medium staple group with staple length 24.5
to 25.5mm and Long staple with staple length 29.5
|How much cotton do Indian
textile mills use?|
Nearly 85 to 90 per
cent cotton of total availability is used by
Indian textile mills. During 2008-09, the domestic
cotton consumption has been estimated at 230 lakh
|How much cotton is
exported from India?|
During 2007-08, India
exported a record quantity of about 85 lakh
bales. During current cotton season, CAB has
estimated export of 50 lakh bales from the
cotton is imported into the country?
Over the years imports
of cotton into the country are only against short
supply of Extra Long staple cottons. During
2008-09, cotton imports into the country are
estimated at 7 lakh bales.
|Where CCI makes purchases
purchases in all major cotton growing States
through a network of about 315 procurement
|How CCI procures
cotton in the regulated APMCs in all the cotton
growing States in the presence of APMC
|What is Contract
Farming is Integrated Cotton Cultivation, which
brings all stakeholders of cotton on one
|What is the benefit of
Contract Farming helps
cotton growers in increasing their yields through
reduction in cost of cultivation and at the same
time assuring supply of quality cotton to the
|What is FLD?
FLD means Front Line
Demonstrations which ensure transfer of improved
production and protection technology from research
to farm level under Mini Mission II of the
|What is TMC?
TMC means Technology
Mission on Cotton launched by Government of India
in February 2000 to improve production,
productivity and quality of cotton.
|What is Mini Mission?|
Mini Missions are the
components of TMC. The details of various Mini
Missions are available on website.
|What is TUF Scheme?|
TUF is Technology
Upgradation Fund Scheme effective from
|What is ICAC?|
Advisory Committee is the intergovernmental forum
for matters related to cotton.
|What is international
mechanism available in the world today is the Duel
Index system published by Cotlook on daily basis
applies for reflecting nearby and distant offering
rates, which are devised on average price for long
staple type of cotton and for short staple type of
cotton in the form of Index A and Index
|What is Cotlook A
Index is the average of the cheapest five of the
eligible growths listed in the category. The
quality description of the Cotlook A index is
Middling 1-3/32”. The Cotlook Index is quoted in
US Cents per lb and represents C/F Far Eastern