Successful cultivation of cotton requires a long growing season, plenty of sunshine and water during the period of growth, and dry weather for harvest. It is cultivated in countries with hot climate as India, China ,Egypt, USA, Afganistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan ect.
Cotton producing areas in India are spread throughout the country. Panjab, Hariyana, Rajasthan, Maharastra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh,Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are the major cotton producing states.
Cotton is sown around May & June and harvested around sept. to Dec. in different parts of the country
A number of methods, chemical and mechanical, have been used to control weeds and grass, including intensive spraying of herbicide before and after planting. The cultivator, rotary hoe, and flame cultivator are also used to destroy weeds.
Approximately 95 percent of the cotton in the United States is now harvested mechanically with spindle-type pickers or strippers. How ever in India still maximum cotton is harvested by manual plucking.